Conchiglie di Tonga
Molluscs of Tonga
( Fingota 'o Tonga )
T=Tongan L=Latin J=Japanese E=English
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T Kaloa'a
L Anadara antiquata
J Ryukyu-sarubo
E antique ark
shell length to 10 cm - muddy to gravel sand in seagrass bed
T Kuku
L Modiolus sp.
J hibari-gai-rui
E mussel
shell length to 6 cm
byssally attached to shell fragments and gravels in muddy  sand
T Tofe
L Pinctada margaritifera
J kurocho-gai
E black-lip pearl oyster
shell length to 15 cm - lower intertidal zone to 10 m
byssally attached to dead corals
T Tava'a manu
L Fimbria fimbriata
J chijimi-kago-gai
E common basket lucine
shell length to 10 cm
lower intertidal to upper subtidal zone, fine sand in seagrass bed
T Ufi
L Atrina vexillu
J kuro-tairagi
E Indo-Pacific pen shell
shell length to 45 cm - gravel sand of intertidal to 60 m
T Tofeloa
L Pteria penguinn
J mabe-gai
E penguin wing oyster
shell length to 25 cm - byssally attacched to gorgonians
T Takaniko
L Trochus niloticus
J sarasa-batei-gai, takase-gai
E commercial trochus
shell height to 15 cm - introduced from Fiji
T Takaniko
L Tectus pyramis
J gin-takahama-gai
E pyramid top
shell height to 10 cm - coral rocks in lagoon to reef slope
T 'Elili
L Turbo petholatus
J ryuten-sazae
E tapestry turban
shell height to 10 cm - lower intertidal
T 'Elili
L Turbo crassus
J yakko-sazae
E tapestry turban
shell height to 10 cm - lower intertidal
T 'Elili
L Turbo marmolatus
J yako-gai
E green snail
shell height to 20 cm
fore reef slope area, 1 to 25 m, introduced from Vanuatu and Japan
T Topulangi
L Turbo chrysostoms
J kinguchi-sazae
E gold-mouth turban
shell height to 6 cm - coral rocks in seagrass bed and reefs
T Pule
L Cypraea annulus
J hanabira-dakara-gai
E gold-ringer cowry
shell height to 2,5 cm
middle to lower intertidal
T Pulepule
L Calpurnus verrucosus
J semushi-umi-usagi-gai
E umbilical ovula
shell height to 3 cm
upper subtidal
T Pule maka
L Cypraea tigris
J hoshi-dakara-gai
E tiger cowry
shell height to 9 cm
lower intertidal to 5 m.
T Pule'oto
L Ovula ovum
J umi-usagi-gai
E common egg cowry
shell height to 8 cm
feed on soft corals in subtidal zone
T Tava'amanu
L Periglypta puerpera
J nunome-gai
E youthful venus
shell length to 9 cm
coarse sand in lower intertidal to 10 m
T Tava'amanu
L Periglypta reticulata
J ara-munome-gai
E reticulate venus
shell length to 9 cm
coarse sand in upper subtidal zone
T Tu'atea
L Lioconcha castrensis
J maru-ominaeshi-gai
E camp pitar venus
shell length to 5 cm
fine sand of lower intertidal to 30 m
T Tu'atea
L Lioconcha annettae
J sarasa-gai
E Annett's venus
shell length to 3 cm
fine sand in lower intertidal to upper subtidal zone
T To'o teka
L Gafrarium tumidum
J arasuji-keman-gai
E tumid venus
shell length to 5 cm
muddy to gravel sand in middle to lower intertidal zone
T To'o tengange
L Gafrarium pectinatum
J hososuji-inami-gai
E pectinate venus
shell length to 4 cm
gravel sand in seagrass bed
T Kelitoke
L Terebra maculata
J Ryukyu-takenoko-gai
E marlinspike
shell height to 20 cm
sand in upper subtidal zone to 20 m

T Fuhu
L Conus admiralis
J tenjiku-imo-gai
E admiral cone
shell height to 8 cm
T Fuhu
L Conus striatus
J nishiki-minashi-gai
E striate cone
shell height to 10 cm
upper subtidal
T Tokanoa
L Tridacna derasa
J hirenashi-shako-gai
E smooth giant clam
shell length to 55 cm
outer edges of reef
T Matahele
L Tridacna squamosa
J hire-jako-gai
E fluted giant clam
shell lenght to 40 cm
lower intertidal to 18 m - byssally attached to coral
T Toki
L Tridacna tevoroa
J tsubasa-shako-gai
E tevoro giant clam
shell length to 55 cm
outer reef slopes, 10 to 30 m.
 Endemic species of Tonga and Fiji
T Kukukuku
L Tridacna maxima
J shiranami-gai
E elongate giant clam
shell length to 24 cm
byssally attached and embedded in corals or reef edge
T Ha'ape
L Harpa major
J shokko-ra
E major harp
shell height to 10 cm
T Ha'ape
L Harpa amoretta
J hime-shokko-ra
E minor harp
shell height to 5 cm
sand in lower intertidal to 3m
T Mehingo
L Tellinella staurella
J hime-nikko-gai
E cross telline
shell length to 5 cm
fine sand in lower intertidal zone
T Pipi
L Pitar prora
J kesho-ominaeshi
E prow pitar
shell length to 5 cm
subtidal to upper subtidal fine sand in seagrass bed
T Mehingo Tonga
L Pharaonella tongana
J ohshima-daimyo-gai
E tongan tellin
shell length to 10 cm
fine sand in seagrass bed
T 'Ohule
L Atactodea striata
J iso-hamaguri
E striate beach clam
shell length to 2 cm
coarse sand in upper to middle intertidal zone
T Tu'ulalo
L Codakia tigerina
J tsuki-gai
E Pacific tiger lucine
shell length to 12 cm
lower intertidal zone to 10 m.
muddy sand with shell fragments
T Lengango
L Fragum unedo
J kavara-gai
E strawberry cockle
shell length to 6 cm
lower intertidal to upper subtidal sand
T Tuahi
L Acrosterigma elongatum
J ryukyu-zuru-gai
E elongate cockle
shell height to 12 cm
upper subtidal sand
T Hihi vai
L Nerita polita
J nishiki-amaobune-gai
E polished nerite
shell height to 2.5 cm
intertidal rocks in lagoon
T Fai'ahu
L Spondilus
J umigigukai-rui
E thorny oyster
shell length to 12 cm
cemented to rocks or dead corals on outer slope of reef
T Kele'a
L Charonia tritonis
J hora-gai
E trumpet triton
shell height to 50 cm
lower intertidal to subtidal
T Fuhu
L Mitra mitra
J chosen-fude-gai
E episcopal miter
shell height to 10 cm
fine sand in lower intertidal to 10 m.

T Fuhu
L Mitra
J fude-gai-rui
E miter
shell height to 5 cm
gravel sand in 2 to 30 m.
T Kelikeli
L Oliva miniacea
J judo-makura-gai
E red mouth olive
shell height to 8 cm
sand in upper subtidal zone to 20 m.
T Hulihuli
L Criptoplax sp.
J kemushi-hizaragai-rui
E slender chiton
shell height to 9 cm - dead corals in lower intertidal to 3 m.
 
T Angaanga
L Strombus thersites
J atsu-sode-gai
E thersite stromb
shell height to 15 cm
sand in 10 to 20 m.
 
T Angaanga
L Lambis crocata
J sasori-gai
E orange spider conch
shell height to 15 cm - gravel sand in lower intertidal to 30 m.
 
T Angaanga
L Lambis lambis
J kumo-gai
E common spider conch
shell height to 18 cm - sand in upper subtidal to 50 m.
 
T Potupatu
L Chicoreus ramosus
J tengu-gai
E ramous murex
shell height to 20 cm - inner reef area to fore reef slope in 20 m
T Kele'a
L Strombus gibberulus gibbosus
J neji-magaki-gai
E gibbose conch
shell height to 5 cm - sand in intertidal 10 m
T Kele'a matale'a
L Strombus luhuanus
J magaki-gai
E strawberry conch
shell height to 6,5 cm - sand in intertidal to 20 m
T Fuhu
L Strombus Latissimus
J goho-ura
E widest Pacific conch
shell height to 20 cm - sand in 4 to 20 m.

Photographs courtesy of  Dr. Akihiko Matsukuma
Thank's to Ken-Ichi Kikutani

Founded by JICA

Produced by Fisheries Department, Government of Tonga
Nuka'alofa, Tonga


Ufficio del Turismo di Tonga in Italia
e-mail: info@tongaturismo.info